1993 (Farvardin 20, 1372) is the day of Haj Sayyed Morteza Aviny's martyrdom. He
was a skillful author, the narrator of Ravayat-e Fath (a TV program), the chief
editor of Sura Magazine (an artistic and literary magazine) and the head of TV
department of the artistic center. Having traveled to one of the war zones of
Iran for making a new series of Ravayat-e Fath, with a group of cameramen, he
became martyr due to the mines, existed in the region. He was not alone, his
colleague "Mohammed Sa'eed Yazdanparast" was another martyr.
Two days before leaving for the
area of Fakkeh, as an answer to the question: "Where are you leaving for?" in
not know where I am going, I am leaving for Fakkeh, where our combatants
witnessed how the angels were delivering the martyrs' souls."
After his martyrdom, our
Supreme leader, "Hazrat-e Ayatollah Khamenei" commemorated his memory as "the lord of martyr authors".
The martyrdom anniversary of an
Islamic revolution's artist who spent his life in the battlefields and who was
the narrator of the Islamic combatants' efforts, was called " the day of the
Islamic revolution's Art". This was following the Supreme leader's decree and
was suggested by the poets and poetesses, authors and the artists of the
Artistic Center of the Organization of the Islamic Propagation.
Aviny's biography and activities
The honorable martyr (Sayyed
Morteza Aviny) was born in 1947 (1326) in Shahr-e Ray. Having behind the primary
education and getting his diploma, was graduated from the College of Fine Arts,
Tehran university and got his M.A of architecture. He had done some studies
about the literature before the Revolution.
After the Revolution triumph
and the foundation of Construction Jihad commanded by Late Imam Khomeini, (in
1979) he started working in the mentioned organization. While doing so, he left
for the villages, so that he could solve the villagers' problems. Having
witnessed the cruelties and injustice of the previous regime left behind for
these groups of people, he aimed at making films for the Construction Jihad. His
first work was a TV series called "Khan Gazideh-ha". It was about the uproar
caused by Khosrow Qasqaee. In the following year, he joined the television team
of Construction Jihad, as one of the representatives of this organization. He
left us with "Ravayat- Fath" which was an ever lasting art taken from the
Islamic combatants' bravery.
He was a director and producer
of hundreds of documentary films, namely as " Khozestan's flood, the wedge of
Martyrdom Jihad, Far away from the beloved, the Forgotten land of Beshagerd and
Ravayat-e Fath (with 70 episodes).
Shahid Aviny worked for the
Artistic center since 1988 (1367) till the end of war. Moreover; along with
being the head of the television section, he was the chief editor of the Sura
Magazine and the affiliated press as well.
His book called " The Magic
Mirror" proved that he has some things to say in the field of cinema and also
his points of view were the valuable ones in the related situation. Therefore,
his opponents turned out to be wrong.
In 1992 (1371), following the
Supreme leader's decree, he began to produce the new series of Ravayat-e Fath.
While doing so, along with the search parties whose job was to identify the
martyrs' bodies (remained there from the eight-year war), made the new series of
Ravayat-e Fath and finally on April 8, 1993 (Farvardin 20, 1372) he became
martyr and his endless journey began near the martyrs for whose sorrows he sang
lamentations and he was waiting for a day on which he could join them.
Shahid Aviny joined his Lord
Imam Hussein (Pbuh) and his leader Imam Khomeini so that no one could think of
the neglecting the customs and traditions of martyrdom.
On Farvardin 22, of the same
year, his honorable body was escorted by the Supreme Leader and a group of the
artists. He was buried in Behesht-e Zahra Cemetery.
Speaking about Shahid Aviny's
works, one can refer to the cinematic articles called ‘The Magic Mirror', the
book called "A beginning of an End", another book called "The Victory Of Blood",
a book which is the collection of the artistic and cultural articles, an article
called "the Explanation of Light to the comment of Imam Khomeini's sonnet.
Culture & Art article, Simple
Analysis, Culture or Culture of Development?, We & the Global Unique Culture,
Will Theatre be alive?, A Cross with red blood, Which Gnosis?, An Uncompleted
Note on Human's Identity & Reality, Poem & Madness, Secret of Sun Land.
His points of view
Shahid Sayyed Morteza Aviny
considered the Western countries as a historic manifestation of Satan. He
specifically (about the post-Renaissance) believed that the man's ignorance and
rebellion had approached its climax through Omanism and being self-centered, the
fact which would pave the ground for repentance.
Shahid Aviny called the current
age as "the Age of Human Kind's Repentance". He considered the manifestation of
a religious revolution as the manifestation of this historic and spiritual
Sahahid Aviny considered the
humankind's historical destiny, consisting the elements as follows:
Dejection ( from collective
and historical point of view)
Rebellion and being
Repentance( from the
collective and historical point of view)
The beginning of spiritual
age and saving from being self- centered.
Shahid Aviny considered the
Islamic jurisdiction as the only legal government. Here come his words:
Jurisdiction is the only system which can lead to the Islamic superiority. The
jurist is a person that the religious philosophy has improved in his soul. He
also possesses the power to analyze the practical religious rules which are
originated from the sources of truth which are Quran and tradition".
He did not considered freedom
as human's right, but rather as his mission:
"Freedom is not a human right,
but it is his mission toward truth and justice. However; this idea implies the
negligence, which means that freedom has essentially no resistance and battle
with truth, justice and commitment and in the case of manifestation of the true
essence of freedom, all the quarrels and negotiations would be settled down.
These negotiations are because of negligence about the true essence of freedom
which is "Horriyat"."
"The real thinking is the
present one which is "Reminder" (Zikr) and this latter one can not be achieved
automatically. "Presence" is the exact version of "Reminder" and "Proximity" and
"Negligence" are the exact "Dimension"."
Shahid Aviny was one of the
serious and studious critics and at the same time the intellectual one. He
constantly, criticized the superficiality of the Iranian intellectualism that
appeared to be westernized. He considered those as intellectuals who tried to
use the rules and the considerations with the theoretical, practical, empirical
and sensational essence, taken from the logic framework and apart from the
revelation, as the basis of a drastic change in mankind's life.
"An intellectual has
contrastive ideas about the religion and associated traditions. He depends upon
his own ideology and acquires the practical rules of his life through
experiments and associated sciences. The intellectual community has basically
tendency toward Western culture and has westernized thought in his mind. Even if
he turns out to respect the religious principles, he will be about to be
eclectic. He does not believe in the Islamic authority because, he believes in
the Western democracy."
He considered the promulgation
of this eclecticism as one of the goals behind the cultural invasion:
"The cultural invasion of the
enemies of the revolution would be directed at those areas which have provided
the independent identity and lead it to a campaign with the West: the Islamic
culture of the revolution is the Islamic jurisdiction with no relationship with
the U. S. A."
Shahid Aveeni was a true lover
of the Islamic authority, a follower of his great teacher "Imam Khomeini" and
the Supreme leader" Ayatollah Khamenei".